3th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
Neuro-humoral and cellular regulatory mechanisms of digestion processes
We sincerely invite You to participate in the 3th conference "Neuro-humoral and cellular regulatory mechanisms of digestion processes”, which will be held on 4-6 October 2007 in Lviv, Ukraine.
Lviv is one of the most beautiful cities of Ukraine, the real pearl of European architecture.
Its architectural landscape joins the monuments of numerous styles and different epochs. From the gothic XIV century Latin Cathedral to the baroque of St. George (Sviatoho Yura) Cathedral. Renaissance-style Bernardine Monastery and Chapel of Boimes coexist with the strict simplicity of Armenian Church.
Lviv city has a rich and impressive history. Numerous historical events are concerned with the city.
The walls of old Lviv buildings still keep the spirit of past centuries. Cozy streets and fascinating monuments make it a unique tourist attraction among the Ukrainian and Eastern European cities.
The city is home to many industries and institutions of higher education such as Lviv University and Lviv Polytechnic. It has a philharmonic orchestra and the Lviv Opera and Ballet Theater. The historic city centre is on the UNESCO World Heritage List and has many architectural wonders and treasures. Lviv celebrated its 750th anniversary in September 2006.
Lviv was founded by King Danylo of the Ruthenian duchy of Halych-Volhynia, and named in honor of his son, Lev. The city is first mentioned in Halych-Volhynian Chronicle from 1256. In 1356, Casimir III of Poland brought in German burghers and granted the Magdeburg rights which implied that all city issues were to be solved by a city council, elected by the wealthy citizens. The city council seal of the 14th century stated: S(igillum): CIVITATIS LEMBVRGENSIS. As a part of Poland (and later Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) Lviv became the capital of the Ruthenian Voivodeship.
As it grew, Lviv became religiously and ethnically diverse. The 17th century brought invading armies of Swedes and Cossacks to the city's gates. In 1772, following the First Partition of Poland, the city known as Lemberg became the capital of the Austrian Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. During World War I, the city was captured by the Russian army in September 1914, but was retaken in June of the following year by Austria-Hungary.
With the collapse of the Habsburg Empire at the end of World War I, the city became an arena of conflict between the local Ukrainian and Polish population. Between the World Wars, Lviv was the second biggest Polish city. Lviv and its population suffered greatly from the two world wars, the Holocaust, and the invading armies of the period. Today Lviv remains one of the main centres of Ukrainian culture with much of the nation's political class originating from the area.
Lviv Opera and Ballet Theater, a cultural must for residents and visitors
Since 1998, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) lists Lviv's historic center as part of "World Heritage." The UNESCO gave the following reasons for its selection:� Criterion ii: In its urban fabric and its architecture, Lviv is an outstanding example of the fusion of the architectural and artistic traditions of eastern Europe with those of Italy and Germany. �
�Criterion v: The political and commercial role of Lviv attracted to it a number of ethnic groups with different cultural and religious traditions, who established separate yet interdependent communities within the city, evidence for which is still discernible in the modern townscape. �
Lviv's historic churches, buildings and relics date back to the 13th century. Over the last few centuries, the city was spared much of the invasion and war that destroyed many Ukrainian cities. Its architecture reflects various European styles and directions from different historical periods. After the fires of 1527 and 1556, Lviv lost most of its gothic style buildings. It however retains a rich representation of structures built in the renaissance, baroque, and classic styles. Also represented are works by artists of the Vienna Secession, Art Nouveau, and Art Deco.
There has been some concern about preservation of the city's architecture. For example, architectural sculptures are looted and resold, residents cut new doorways into historic facades, historic architectural monuments are allowed to crumble due to effects of climate and human neglect. Weakening from the layers of impurities deposited on the facades of buildings and the runoff that seeps into their stonework from the marshy subsoil below, the city faces a literal erosion of its history.
There are many museums and art galleries in Lviv, most notable are the National Gallery, Museum of Religion (formerly Museum of Atheism) and National Museum (formerly Museum of Industry).
Lviv is one of the most important education centres of Ukraine. It is home to three major universities and a number of smaller schools of higher education. There are 8 institutes of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, more than 40 research institutes, 3 academies and 11 state-owned colleges.
On behalf of Organizing Committee